LATER EVENTS IN WILTSHIRE
In 1352, John Duk and Richard Duk were charged with many others for having broken into the close, house, and
dovecoat of Walter Mareys at Trol, Wilts, looting the house and killing the doves, and burning the timber of
Another notice does much to clarify the position of the Duke family in Wiltshire. A 1381 notice to the escheator
of the county of Wilts identified John Duyk as Bailiff of the liberty of William Earl of Salisbury of the hundred
of Aldewardebury. This was the second de Montagu (or de Montacute) to serve as Earl of Salisbury. The hundred
mentioned was a private hundred of the earls, although prior to the appointment of the first earl, also William
de Montague, it had belonged to the Duchy of Lancaster. This position would easily account for multiple properties
in the ownership of single individuals among the Wilts Duke family. A bailiff, in particular, would be in
an excellent position to acquire properties within the holdings of the overlord, and many of the Wilts
holdings were indeed held from the king by the Earl of Salisbury.
In 1400, the Earl of Salisbury attempted to overthrow King Henry IV, after his murder of Richard II.
He, and others with him, were captured at Circencester in southern Gloucester (near the northern Wilts
Duke properties) and beheaded. The line was thereafter attainted.
In 1404 a John Duk received a Wiltshire appointment from Henry IV:
Grant for life to the king's servant John Duc, one of the grooms of the King's
chamber, of the office of bailiff itinerant in the county of Wilts with the fees and wages pertaining to it.
This appointment is singularly appropriate for a member of a family that had previously provided the
bailiff for the holder of the most extensive holdings in the county, those of the de Montague Earls of
Salisbury. It suggests that the members of the king's household discussed previously were from this part
of the extended (at this point, very extended) Duke family.
In 1404 a writ to the sheriff of Wiltshire required the release of John Duyk of Conok, and five others,
on mainprise of Thomas de la Pole, knight; William Copdoke, William Rede and John Denham of Suffolk.
They were charged with threatening the Prior of Lanthony and had mainperned in chancery that they would
"do or procure no hurt or harm to the prior, the canons, their men or servants, nor fire their houses."
On the same day another writ to the Sheriff of Wilts was ordered, by mainprise of Thomas Duyk 'skynner,'
John son of Thomas Duyk, John Hadoun 'draper' and John Trom 'skynner,' all of London, in respect of taking
a second time of John Duyk of Chiriton the younger security for keeping peace toward the prior or canons of
Lanthony. Conok was a holding within the Chiriton parish, and was held by the Knights Hospitallers after 1308,
until it reverted to the crown in 1324. Later, in the 1340's it was sold to the de la Pole family of Suffolk.
This explains the Thomas de la Pole's involvement in the situation of John Duke; the dispute was doubtless
about property rights involving Conok and the adjacent Lanthony Priory lands.
In 1405, William Duke was a juror in Salisbury for the inquisition post mortem on Elizabeth Seyntomer. This
information is found in the "Hungerford Cartulary", the records of the powerful Hungerford family, and
indicates that William Duke may have been a feofee of the Hungerford family at this time. Hungerford succeeded
to many of the estates of the earls of Salisbury.
This may or may not have been the same individual, county unspecified, mentioned in King Henry IV's records
Pardon to Julian the wife of William Duke for all felonies and trespasses
committed by her, except treason,
murder and rape.
The like to Maud daughter of William Duke and Julian his wife.
This wording appears frequently in the Patent Rolls, and appears to be a conventional pardon that may refer
to conventional offenses, like those of trespass against the king's rights in property held by the family,
or perhaps to political opposition falling short of an actual charge of treason.
In 1413, John Duyk, chaplain, with Robert Ennok and John Frankelayn, received in fee the manor of Beyton and
the advowson of the church there, and the manor of Lye in the parish of Westbury, Wilts, with services to the
chief lords of the fee. This was recorded in the "Edington Cartulary." The grant was from John Rous, the elder.
In 1414 Duke and his colleagues in turn granted the properties to John Rous, the younger. These transfers
illustrate the overlapping quality of feudal relationships. In addition to the oddity of the re-transfer
of the property, it is interesting that John Rous and a member of the Lye family are listed among Hungerford's
retinue at Agincourt in 1415.
There are also later references to the family in Salisbury and adjacent areas. In 1428 a Peter Duke was a
juror in the Underditch Hundred, where the estate of Lake that was to become the family seat is located.
In 1455 John Duke brought suit concerning a messuage in Malmesbury, and won.